Community Psychiatry in India

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Monthly Archives: February 2013


Research Methods in Cultural Epidemiology.

Professor Mitchell G Weiss talked aboutce “Researching Explanatory Models in Mental Illness: Integrating Mixed Research Methods” at Department of Mental Health Education @NIMHANS on 7.2.2013.

The talk focused on integrating qualitative and quantitative methods in investigating explanatory models in illness in the framework of cultural epidemiology.Principles of the EMIC (The Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue) interviewing was explained along with using tablet-computer aided data entry, integrated quantitative and quantitative data management and data analysis. The features of  MAXQDA software was demonstrated.

1. An overview of conceptual framework of cultural epidemiology (mixed) as a combination of  Anthropology/ethnography (qualitative)  and  epidemiology (quantitative) was provided in a research methodology orientation with emphasis on tools and software.See audio excerpt below.

2. In the earlier part of the talk, the integrated qualitative and quantitative methods used in explanatory models in Illness was focused with detailing of the EMIC interview method and questionnaire.See excerpt below.

added on 08.07.2013

1.Patient and healers in the context of culture 1980

2. Clinical implications of explanatory models 2002

3. EMIC 1992

4. SEMI 1998



Community Treatment Order:Status Quo

The first Indo-European Symposium on Coercion hosted by Mysore Medical College speakersbrought to limelight the often ignored  aspects of various forms of coercion in psychiatric practice. The Session on  Community Treatment Order (CTO) featured talks by two eminent speakers- the audio excerpts of which can be accessed below.

1. Talk by Prof. Mohan Issac (The University of Western Australia, Formerly Professor & HOD Dept of Psychiatry, NIMHANS) covers What is CTO, How It came to being, What are the benefits, shortcomings and controversies associated with CTO and Whether CTO are relevant and useful in India.

2. Talk by Prof. Peter Lepping (Medical Director BCULHB, North Wales Visiting Professor Glyndw^r University Wrexham. UK) covers general guidelines for clinicians on CTO.

During the interactive part of the session it was discussed that the law in general infact permits use of moderated and supervised coercion like that in the order for inpatient commitment for patients who are in danger to themselves and to others (Reception order MHA India 1987) -similarly the CTO is one innovative use of the same for outpatient treatment for certain subset of patients who might benefit from it. One discussant drew a parallel between the DOTS therapy for tuberculosis and CTO. CTO can be a clinically useful tool if skillfully and judiciously  used by the clinician.And finally here is also an independent select textual overview and criticism of CTO curated from the web.



More recent data on CTOs.

1. RCT finds that CTOS do not reduce hospital readmissions.